EU rules on the taxation of tobacco, while working well in terms of predictability and stability for EU Member State fiscal revenue, are less effective in deterring consumption, an EU report found on Monday.
The European Commission's report evaluates EU rules on the taxation of tobacco (Council Directive 2011/64/EU on the structure and rates of excise duty applied to manufactured tobacco).
According to the evaluation, increases in EU minimum rates for cigarettes and fine-cut tobacco, as set out in the Directive, only had an impact in a few EU Member States, which had very low levels of taxation in the first place.
The high number of smokers in the EU is still a matter of significant concern with 26% of the overall EU adult population, and 29% of young Europeans aged 15-24, smoking, says the report..
According to the Commission, the launch of the Europe's 'Beating Cancer Plan'
highlights the pivotal role of taxation in reducing tobacco consumption, in deterring young people from smoking.
In addition, price gaps between Member States - the average price of a pack of cigarettes can range from EUR 2.57 to EUR 11.37 - represent a sufficient economic incentive for unintended high levels of cross border shopping.
The evaluation also highlights that the emergence of new products, such as e-cigarettes, heated tobacco products and new addictive products reveal the limits of the current legal framework.
The Commission's report concludes that a more comprehensive approach, taking on board all aspects of tobacco control including public health, taxation, the fight against illicit trade and environmental concerns, is needed.
The current evaluation assesses the performance of the Tobacco Taxation Directive against the evaluation criteria set out in the Better Regulation Guidelines.